How to Grow your own Coffee Beans

How to Grow your own Coffee Beans

How to Grow your own Coffee Beans

Today I will show you how to grow your own coffee beans. Most coffee lovers have no idea that they can grow their own coffee beans at their convenience. This can be at home or within a commercial premise. While it might seem like a long and tedious job, it is never a big deal. Growing coffee beans is not so complicated and requires similar attention and commitment as other plants.

After all, growing your coffee and later brewing them into a cup of hot coffee is the most rewarding thing you can do by yourself. So, in this post, you will learn more about growing coffee beans all by yourself.

Why Should You Grow Your own Coffee Beans?

Many people might be wondering why there is a need to grow coffee beans while they are already available in retailers and supermarkets. However, you should note that growing your coffee ensures that it is organic.

Multiple coffee manufacturers claim that their coffee is organically grown. But that is never the universal truth. As a consumer, you have no idea the process and everything that goes into producing coffee beans. Growing it by yourself means you understand everything that contributes to its growth and processing.

Furthermore, you will be in a position to control the roast and flavor of the coffee because you get to process it yourself. Besides making it a favorite drink, coffee plants also bear white flowers with cute yellow buds. The flowers are incredibly fragrant that can give an amazing smell in your yard.

What Steps Should You Follow When Growing Your Own Coffee Beans?

Coffee trees are pretty easy to grow in your garden and can also be great as indoor plants. This is regardless of it being a tropical plant growing in rainforests. Generally, it is easy to grow and take good care of the plant just as it pleases you.

But still, planting and growing your coffee plant is a job that few coffee lovers consider doing. This also happens to people with previous gardening and planting experience. The best thing is to start by planting the beans on a small scale, and you will enjoy the rewards. Let us look at how to do it.

Step 1: Get Raw Beans and Pre-Germinate Them

You can buy raw coffee seeds from gardening stores within your area or from reputable online stores. The truth is that you will come across multiple types of coffee, but you can experiment by trying out several to see the type you can manage. The raw coffee beans are green in color. After purchasing them, start by filling a pot or container with water. You should then soak the coffee seeds for at least 24 hours to pre-germinate them. This enables them to grow better and faster.

Step 2: Place Top Quality Soil or Sand

As you wait for the berries to pre-germinate, you can choose the ideal container or pot size. The container should not be too big as coffee plants grow better in crammed soil. Fill the container with soil or sand. You should ensure that the container has some holes to allow excess water to flow out.

Step 3: Plant Your Coffee Seeds

Next, you should plant the coffee seeds in the soil or sand. Select the beans that have developed small white bumps during pre-germination as they are more likely to grow well. You must ensure that they are covered with the soil until they are not visible for seamless growth.

Step 4: Watering the Coffee Plants

Every plant requires water, and coffee plants are no exception. It would be best if you watered the plants regularly for them to grow well. Ideally, you can water them at least two times a day. At this point, you need lots of patience and adhere to watering them for the recommended time, usually between two to three months. Plus, it is vital to keep the soil or sand moist throughout to ensure incredible results.

How Much Water do the Plants Need?

Coffee plants only need the right amount of water. In a natural habitat, these plants thrive best in regions with high altitudes. This means that the plants need consistent water. And the soil should always be moist but not saturated. Always add some peat moss to help keep the soil retain water while maintaining a low ph. Compost can also help with water retention as well as nutrients.

Step 5: Cover the Container and Expose to Ample Light

Experts recommend you cover the container hosting the coffee seed with a clear cover. You can use clear plastic and place your pot in a position where light can reach it. Always remember not to expose it to direct sunlight for many hours during the day.

Like other plants, coffee plants need UV light to grow, but too much of it can harm them. Therefore, you should work on striking the perfect balance. If you are planting your coffee plants in areas that rarely experience sunny days, use a grow light to ensure the plant receives adequate UV rays.

Step 6: Change the Pot or Container

As your growing process gets going along the way, you’ll need to replant your coffee plants in bigger containers. This is recommended once your plants seem to be highly root bound in their current pots. You need to pay attention when removing them to avoid destroying them.

After following these steps, you should wait for the moment cherries are developing on the stems. It would be best if you waited for them to turn from green to red. The ripen fruits, often called cherries, are harvested after cleaning and peeling. Unripe fruits, green in color, are also blended with the ripe cherries in one stem and handpicked to select the ripe ones only. You can then enjoy the rewards of your commitment and patience and choose how you want to roast your harvest to a coffee.

Things You Should Keep in Mind When Growing Your Coffee Beans

As a coffee lover, you would want to grow your beans in the best and fastest way possible. That is why there are various things you need to remember to ensure you enjoy the rewards of your labor and commitment. These include:


Coffee plants adapt to various lighting conditions and are tolerant of temperatures. The plants are not affected by weather changes, especially during the day. Your plants can still grow well and be healthy. Coffee often grows during springtime, depending on your location.

Yet, it is vital to make it feel it is in a tropical environment for better results. The plant also needs lots of humidity to prevent the leaves from turning brown. If your area is too dry, you can boost humidity by misting, putting water bowls between the plants and gravel trays.

Type of Soil

You probably want your plants to grow in the best way possible. That is why you should ensure that the soil used is a standard potting mix and has a good draining capacity. Volcanic rock can be crushed into a powder which you can add to the soil. So, you have to replicate the environment to ensure it meets the plant’s mineral intake requirements.


It would be best if you remembered to choose a location where your coffee plant can enjoy some direct sunlight. However, the plants can also grow under full or partial sun. The temperature within your area will be a significant factor in determining how your coffee grows. So, consider replicating a tropical environment as much as possible.


In all plants, pruning is vital for growth, and coffee plants require that as much. You should at least prune them once in a while to control their size. You can do this by cutting the top of the plant and the branches below the stem. Also, identify and remove dry branches while also removing the suckers.

Pot Progression

It would help if you started with a small pot, where the seeds turn into at least six-inch plants for a few months. It is vital to transfer the plants to a five to seven-inch container or pot at this height. You can leave it there for at least one year and some months. Next, transfer the plants to bigger containers once they grow.


The weather is always unpredictable. Therefore, when it gets colder, you can take your coffee plants indoors. Continue watering them, but minimize the amounts as the weather gets colder. You should also ensure that the plants receive sufficient light throughout the cold months.


Once mature enough, you can fertilize your plants at least once or twice a year. This is primarily during summer and spring. As your plants continue to grow, you can use mild fertilizer severally. If you want faster growth, routine fertilization will be your safest bet.

Problems and Pests You Should Watch Out For

In several instances, your coffee plants might be affected by various problems and pests that can eventually damage them. And you must watch out for the following signs and address them in the shortest time possible.

Yellowing Leaves

If your plants’ leaves are yellowing, then you must be watering them too little or too much. If there are brown spots on the leaves, then you might be under watering your plants. So, you may want to focus on striking a balance between the water and soil.

Dropping Leaves

Older leaves often fall off naturally. That means there is no point of concern if your plants are dropping a few leaves around. However, if the leaves are falling off quite often, it might be due to low amounts of water or sudden temperature change. That is why it is vital to replicate the tropical environment for a smooth growth process.

Slow Growth Rate and Small Pale Leaves

Slow growth rate and small pale leaves are signs of insufficient sunlight. In this case, you should move your plants to sunnier areas and water them routinely. It will help to enhance their growth in the best way possible.

Brown Edges around the Plant’s Leaves

More often than not, coffee plants’ leaves have brown edges when they are overwatered or when the soil does not drain properly. It can be caused by insufficient humidity for the plant. You can eliminate this by leaving your coffee plants in a greenhouse and ensuring that soil is draining as required. You should also ensure that the water is just enough.

When Should You Harvest Your Coffee Beans?

Coffee plants do not produce fruit immediately. It can take up to four years for you to pick the ripe cherries. Several coffee plants do not grow into trees but can be considered as bush. Although coffee plants do not grow like the typical tall trees, they can make a perfect addition to your lovely garden.

Final Thoughts on How to Grow Your own Coffee Beans

You might not be an expert in gardening, but you can be a pro in growing your coffee. For instance, many coffee enthusiasts are not proficient in gardening, but they do great with coffee trees. By choosing to grow your plants, you can enjoy the freshest cup of coffee every time you need it the most, and nothing beats this feeling.

It is also an unparalleled and eye-opening experience that will change how you perceive coffee. The mind-blowing experience will make you love coffee even more.

The best thing about growing your coffee beans is that you do not need to have a very big yard for the process. With the right size containers and environmental factors, coffee plants thrive and will do just fine. So what are you still waiting for? Are you ready to start growing your coffee beans?

You can follow these simple understand guidelines for an incredible experience. Even if you have not planted anything in your whole life, a coffee plant will be the perfect place to start. Remember to share your experience online to help other coffee lovers understand it is possible to grow their coffee beans.